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Tsumura Kikuko|Roddy Doyle

(c) nakaban

Tsumura Kikuko|Roddy Doyle

English日本語
Sep 2021

Dear Kikuko Tsumura

It was great getting your letter. A real letter too, not a text or an email—Hi! It reminded me of when I worked in London in the late 1970s and getting a letter from a friend back home in Dublin was very special—so welcome it was almost heartbreaking. I remember, a friend wrote that he’d been to a Ramones gig in Dublin the previous Tuesday. I wrote back, telling him that I’d seen the Ramones in London the previous Thursday. That seems a bit daft now, when we can text, but it made perfect sense back then. 

In June 1972, when I was fourteen, I spent a month in the Connemara Gaeltacht, an area in County Galway where Irish, or Gaelic, is the spoken language. I was there to learn how to speak the language. In fact, I learned how to avoid speaking it. My teachers were Christian Brothers, a very strict, sometimes violent, order of not-quite priests, and their idea of encouraging conversation was to punish every mistake. In the moral world of the Christian Brothers saying nothing was never a mistake, so I kept my mouth shut most of the time. Anyway, my mother wrote a letter to me once a week while I was there. She sat down every Monday evening and wrote about what she’d done that day. She was a great believer in routine and did the same things every Monday. So, in reality, she wrote the same letter every week. ‘I went to the shop and had a nice chat with Mr and Mrs Butler. I walked to the bank and got the bus home. I phoned your Auntie Maura. She’s fine. We had shepherd’s pie for dinner.’ The same thing every week, but the letter, even my name in her handwriting on the envelope, was a joy to read—in English.

I mention the Gaeltachtbecause the first thing I read by you was your short story, “A Ghost in Brazil,” which I read in Granta, and loved from the first sentence: ‘I was ever so keen to visit the Aran Islands, but unfortunately, I died before ever making it out of Japan.’ I loved the way you managed to make the impossible and surreal seem quite mundane. I thought I might start the letter to you with a paragraph or two in Irish, if only to make the job of the translator that bit more of a challenge. But the Irish I learnt in school, for forty minutes every day for twelve years, started to leak out of me, like sawdust, within days of leaving school in 1976. So I’m stuck with English. 

I’m delighted you’re a football fan. It’s something else that we have in common and is more important, I think, than the fact that we’re both writers. If we met—when we meet, we’ll spend a quarter of an hour talking about writing before we run out of steam but we’ll spend days discussing football. People who don’t share a language still manage to talk about football and make themselves understood. 

I’m a Chelsea fan. I have been since I was nine and watched the 1967 FA Cup final, against Spurs, on TV, with my father. I decided I was up for Chelsea. I didn’t even know they wore blue, because the television was black-and-white. Chelsea lost that day but, as you know, you don’t switch teams. It’s not like marriage; there’s no divorce. It’s the great gift of football: it keeps us in close touch with our younger selves—like music, but with much more muck. One of the many things I liked about your novel, There’s No Such Thing as an Easy Job, was how brilliantly, in the narrator’s final job in the big forest, you captured the mad vitality of the football fan’s world.

My League of Ireland team is Bohemians, who play in Dalymount Park, on the northside of Dublin, where I live. I’m a season ticket holder and last Monday night—September the 20th—I was able, finally, after a year and a half, to walk up to the turnstyle and go straight into the stadium, to watch a 3–3 draw against Derry City—not a good result, but it was great to be there again, in the crowd. Like the J League, the League of Ireland runs from March to the end of the year. We had a good run this summer in the European Conference League, or whatever it’s called—the European club competitions seem to change name every time I turn my back. Anyway, we won three matches in Dublin, including a 2–1 win against the Greek side, PAOK, for whom Shinji Kagawa was playing. Supporting Bohs brings me great joy; I love everything about the club. There’s even a line from a Fontaines DC song—‘Dublin in the Rain is Mine’—stitched into the collar of the away jersey. The fans’ songs are great too, often funny. They sing Spandau Ballet’s ‘Gold’, but with ‘Bohs’ instead of ‘gold’—‘We are Bohs—Bohs! Always believe in your soul!’ 

I visited Japan in September, 1994. I was brought to see a football match, Yokohama Marinos v Nagoya Grampus Eight. Gary Linekar was supposed to be playing for Nagoya but he was injured and, actually, he announced his retirement the following week. And that’s how I know when, exactly, I was in Japan. I googled Gary Linekar.  I saw amazing things—the Temple of the Golden Pavilion, for example, and the bullet trains—and had a wonderful time in Japan, but what I remember most about the trip is the absence of an English footballer. 

As I mentioned earlier, I read There’s No Such Thing as an Easy Job. I enjoyed it enormously. I admired how you managed to create a place that seemed familiar, even to someone living on the other side of the world; yet it was also unsettling and, somehow, worrying. You made everything—the streets, the people, the products—so calmly vivid. I loved the gentleness and casual eccentricity of the characters. I really liked Mrs. Masakado, the woman in the employment centre, and at one point thought how great it would be to send Mr. Micawber from David Copperfield into the employment centre, to see how Mrs. Masakado would deal with him.  

Your narrator’s jobs reminded me of some of the jobs I had before I became a school teacher. In 1977, when I was nineteen, I worked in a food-processing factory in a small town near Dusseldorf, in West Germany. Through the summer and autumn, we put fruit and vegetables into tins and jars. In late autumn, for about three weeks, I stood at a narrow conveyor belt, holding a rubber mallet. To my left a line of Turkish women put gherkins into glass jars that rattled past on the conveyor belt. My job was to tap the top of each jar with the mallet, to make sure that the gherkins were well inside the jars before they went into a machine that squirted vinegar into each jar, then put a lid on the jar.  Every now and again—twice or three times a day—a gherkin, thrown by one of the Turkish women, would hit the side of my head. The women thought this was funny and, actually, so did I. I think now that being whacked on the head by flying gherkins was my first experience of an inter-cultural exchange. 

I recently re-read my first three novels, for the first time in decades. It was a strange experience, reading what I’d written more than thirty years ago. So much has changed in Ireland since I wrote those books, and I’ve changed too, of course. Early in The Snapper, Sharon says that abortion is murder. She wouldn’t say that if I was writing the book today. The law on rape is stronger today, so I’d have to write Sharon’s sexual encounter with George Burgess differently, to make it clear that it is consensual but also something that she quickly regrets. Her version of how she became pregnant—her fictional fling with the Spanish sailor—would have to be more carefully thought out, by her—by me—because so much of any evening out with friends would be photographed and filmed today, shared on Facebook and Instagram.  Her family and friends would want to know why there aren’t any photographs of the sailor. She could claim that she lost her phone, of course, or that the battery had died.  The story would still be there.

If I was writing The Commitments today, Jimmy Rabbitte wouldn’t be saying that ‘the Irish are the n******s of Europe’. He wouldn’t use the N-word; it’s not a word that he would say or want to say, in 2021. Also, the line wouldn’t make sense because Ireland has gone from being the poor neighbour of western Europe to being one of its wealthiest countries. The inequality is still here in Ireland, and the unfairness, and Jimmy would still be stressing the importance of the politics in their music, but his language and argument would be different. And, more than likely, several of the band members would be black Dublin kids.

I was moved by what you wrote about Jimmy Sr. in The Van. If your father was a bad seed, mine was a good egg. Here’s a little love story. A few years before he died, my father had laser eye surgery to remove cataracts. For the first time since he was a child, he no longer had to wear glasses. But my mother didn’t like the way he looked without the glasses; he’d been wearing them when they met in 1947. So he removed the lenses and wore the frames without glass for the rest of his life—to please my mother. He was ninety when he died.

I’m not U2’s biggest fan but I do think that Achtung Baby is brilliant. I’m from the same part of the world as them and we’re the same age, so perhaps I’m just envious—I don’t know. The school they went to is a five-minute walk from where I now live. When I travel into the city centre on the bus, I pass a hardware shop called Edge’s.  The name ‘EDGE’S’ is on the slate roof of the building, in white paint. It’s been like that all my life. The legend is that the Edge got his name from that roof. The shop is very near the house that Bram Stoker, the author of Dracula, grew up in. So, U2 and Dracula come from the same street in Dublin. There’s also a very nice pub!

I’ve been double-vaxxed since early July. It’s one of the few advantages of growing old—you go to the front of some of the queues. Life is slowly—slowly, slowly—getting back to normal here. But, actually, I hope that we could go forward to a new, fairer normal. What impressed me most about what happened in Ireland at the start of the pandemic was how quickly the government acted. Suddenly, accommodation was found for the homeless. The division between private and public health care disappeared. The state school exams—a horribly rigid system, and an obnoxious, very limited way to measure intelligence—were suspended. All of these changes were/are temporary. My hope is that the push to reform will continue. The Roaring Twenties followed the Spanish Flu pandemic. As the father of three adult children, I hope something similar happens now. I want my children to have their own Jazz Age. 

I’ve loved writing this letter. I’m glad we’re doing this.

All the best

Roddy

Copyright © Roddy Doyle 2021

2021.09

拝啓 津村記久子様

お便りありがとうございます。しかも、テキストメッセージでもEメールでもなく、本物の手紙——やあ! 70年代後半にロンドンで働いていた頃、ダブリンの友人から手紙が届くと、とてもうれしかったのを思い出します——うれしすぎて胸が熱くなります。ある友人が、前の週の火曜日にラモーンズのライブに行ったという手紙をくれたので、わたしは、同じ週の木曜日にロンドンでラモーンズのライブに行ったと返事を書きました。今はテキストメッセージがあるので、そんなふうに手紙を交わすなんてばかばかしいけれど、あの時代はそういうやり取りが普通でした。

1972年6月、14 歳だったわたしは、コネマラのゲールタハトで1か月過ごしました。ゲールタハトというのは、アイルランド語——ゲール語とも言います——が日常語として話されている地域です。アイルランド語会話を学ぶため、そこに滞在したのです。でもじっさいには、いかにしてアイルランド語を話さずにすませるかを学ぶはめになりました。担当教員はとても厳格で、しばしば暴力も辞さず、あまり聖職者らしくない教育修道会(ルビ:クリスチャン・ブラザーズの修道士先生でした。その先生たちは、アイルランド語会話を奨励するには、生徒たちの間違いをいちいち罰するのが一番だと考えていたのです。修道士先生の道徳観では、何も言わなければ間違いを犯す心配もないわけです。そういう理屈で、わたしはだんまりを決め込みました。それはそうと、わたしがそこに滞在していた間、母が毎週手紙をくれたのです。毎週、月曜日の晩に、その日あったことを書き送ってきました。彼女は日課仕事の偉大なる信奉者でしたから、月曜日にすることは毎週同じでした。したがって、母の手紙の中味は毎回同じでした。「お店へ買い物に行って、バトラーさんご夫妻と楽しくおしゃべりしました。銀行まで行きは歩きで、帰りはバスに乗りました。モーラおばさんに電話しました。元気でしたよ。夕食にはシェパーズ・パイを食べました。」毎週同じ内容だったとはいえ、手紙を読むのは楽しかった。封筒に手書きで書かれた、わたしの名前を読むのさえ楽しかった——英語が恋しかったんですね。

ゲールタハトの話を書いたのは、最初に読んだあなたの作品が例の短編小説だったからです。「浮遊霊ブラジル」。『グランタ』に掲載されていた英訳を読んで、「私はどうしてもアラン諸島に行きたかったのだけれども、生まれて初めての海外旅行に行く前に死んでしまったのだった」という最初の一文にしびれました。現実にはありえない、超自然的なことがらをあたかも平凡なことのように見せる、あなたの筆力に脱帽しました。この手紙の冒頭の段落ひとつかふたつを、アイルランド語ではじめられたらよかったのですけれど、翻訳者の方に無理難題を押しつけるだけなのでやめました。学校で12年間、毎日40分ずつ学んだアイルランド語は、1976年に卒業すると間もなく、おがくずみたいに身の内からこぼれだして、それっきりでした。それ以来、英語がわたしの言語です。

あなたがサッカー・ファンだと聞いて喜んでいます。お互いが小説家であるということ以上に、サッカーへの興味を共有しているということが格別で、重要だとわたしは思います。わたしたちがもし会うとして——対面したときにですね、たぶん、息切れするまでの15分くらいは文学の話をするでしょう。でも、サッカーの話なら、何日でもできるはずです。言語は違っても、サッカーの話をして、わたしたちは理解しあえるのです。

わたしはチェルシーFCのファンです。1967年、9歳のときに、FAカップ決勝の対トッテナム・ホットスパーFC戦を父とテレビで見たのが最初です。わたしはチェルシーを応援すると決めました。当時、テレビは白黒だったので、チェルシーのユニフォームが青だということさえ、知らなかったのにね。その日、チェルシーは負けたのですが、ご承知の通り、応援チームを変えるなんてできやしない。結婚とは違って、離婚などないからです。サッカーのおかげで、わたしたちは若い頃の自分とつきあい続けることができる——音楽と同じですね、でも、サッカーのほうがはるかにどろどろしたものを含んでいる。あなたの小説『この世にたやすい仕事はない』を読んでとても気に入った点のひとつは、最後の話で語り手の力をうまく使いながら、サッカー・ファンの世界がもつ猛烈な活力を、あなたが見事につかみ取っているところです。

※本作品の全文は、『すばる 2022年1月号』でご覧いただけます。
http://subaru.shueisha.co.jp/backnumber/2022_01/

Copyright © Roddy Doyle 2021

Writer

RoddyDoyle(c) Anthony Wood

RoddyDoyle

Roddy Doyle was born in Dublin in 1958. He is the author of twelve acclaimed novels, including The Commitments, The Van (a finalist for the Booker Prize), Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha (winner of the Booker Prize), The Woman Who Walked in to Doors, A Star Called Henry, The Guts, and most recently Love, Doyle has also written several collections of stories, most recently Life Without Children, as well as Two Pints, Two More Pints, and Two for the Road, and several works for children and young adults including the Rover novels. He lives in Dublin.


Translator

TochigiNobuaki

TochigiNobuaki

Tochigi Nobuaki is Professor of English at Waseda University. His Japanese books include From the Irish Pub: Explorations in Irish Oral Culture (1998), Poets Personate: Essays on Contemporary Poets (2010), and Travels in Ireland: from Joyce to U2 (2012). He has translated books by J. M. Synge, William Trevor, Ciaran Carson, Colm Tóibín, and Colum McCann. He received the Yomiuri Prize for Literature for Whispers of Irish Memorabilia (2013).